Black and white photography has always held an allure, particularly for certain situations and settings. In fact, many photography teachers focus on providing black and white photography tips to their students in order to help them acquire the basics without the possibility of becoming distracted.
Learning the basics of black and white photography allows one to focus on such critical elements as form, pattern, shading and many other concepts in order to achieve wonderful quality.
Once you are able to focus on the graphics, design and composition, you will be able to concentrate on many elements that are sometimes more difficult with color photography. For example, you can more easily see how contrast is able to create lines.
In many cases those lines will lead the eye in a certain direction or even provide a psychological affect that cannot be achieved with color photography.
It is also much easier to see how texture can provide form with a black and white photograph. For photographers new to the idea of this medium, there are several black and white photography tips that can be easily followed.
Black and White Photography Tip about filters
Filters are an essential part of good black and white photography. This is because they assist in separating colors that appear similar once they have been converted to monochrome. You might notice, for example, that colors such as green and red appear nearly the same in tone after they have been converted to black and white.
There are several filters to choose from.
If you use a red filter, for example, the other primary colors, blue and green, will be darkened. Meanwhile, a red filter will lighten objects that are red in color. Orange, yellow and magenta also tend to be lightened when a red filter is used for black and white photography. Generally, a colored filter will lighten colors that are similar and darken those colors that are opposite on the color wheel.
If you are new to the idea of using filters, take the time to experiment with using different filters. Often it is best to snap the image both with and without the use of a filter. In addition, make sure you think through the image you are photographing. While you may be focusing on one particular image, keep in mind that the filter may affect other objects that are within the image as well.
Avoid the tendency to overfilter. You will find that filters are available in various strengths. Ideally, try to use the smallest amount of filtration necessary in order to accomplish what you want.
Black and White Photography Tips about Contrast
Contrast is one of the essential elements of good black and white photography. Contrast refers to the range that exists between bright and dark. When there is a high degree of contrast the viewer’s attention may be drawn to one particular element. When the photo exhibits low contrast; however, an entirely different feeling may be conveyed in the photograph.
Three contrast levels are available. High contrast will produce black and white tones that are striking with a minimal amount of gray. Situations where there are shadows and bright light are often best for high contrast. Normal contrast will provide you with a more realistic look.
Look for situations where there are strong contrasts in color for this type of presentation. Low contrast provides a mid-range of colors. As a result there tends to be a significant amount of grays in the final photo. Look for situations in which the weather is atmospheric. Foggy days are excellent for producing low contrast black and white photos.
Black and White Photography Tips about Lighting
Lighting can be critically linked to contrast. As a result, it is critical to have the right lighting. Direct lighting tends to have an impact on contrast. When there is side lighting texture in the subject may be highlighted.
Light from any single direction can result in shadows. The best way to learn how lighting can impact the results of your black and white photos is to experiment with it.
Black and White Photography Tips about Digital cameras
I always take black and white photographs in color when I use a digital camera because it’s very easy to convert a color photograph from color to black and white with an image editing software. Converting from a black and white JPG file back to color is impossible on the other hand.
It’s also easy to add colored filter effects so if you have a good image editing software you don’t really need colored filters. The same theories I mentioned in the section above about filters remains the same however. You need to understand the effect of filters also if you create the effects in an image editing software.
John Best is a photography enthusiast that has a hard time putting down his camera. John also likes to teach photography business and is currently building up a site with free photography tutorials at [www.freephotovideos.com]
Article Source: EzineArticles.com
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