Photographs taken between the hours of dusk to dawn are generally referred to as night photography. Photographers taking photographs at night usually have a choice between using a long exposure, exposing the scene for seconds or even minutes, or using artificial light.
In order to be an expert at night time photography, you will need the following equipment at a minimum:
1. A tripod is typically necessary due to the long exposure times required for night time photography. If a tripod is not available, the camera may be placed on a steady, flat object such as a table or chair, a window sill, or low wall.
2. A camera capable of using a manual focus. Autofocus systems usually operate poorly in low light conditions. Some digital cameras have a “Live View” mode which often allows an accurate manual focusing.
3. A self timer or shutter release cable is needed to prevent the camera from shaking when the shutter is released. Due to the long exposure times, any shaking will ruin your photograph.
4. A remote timer or stopwatch is needed in order to time the very long exposures.
Here are some night time photography tips:
1. Look for a clear sky with at least a 3/4 moon.
2. Temperature should be between 45 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit, or 7 to 27 degrees Celsius.
3. Have your camera on a tripod and ready to shoot.
4. You should be able to position the camera a perfect distance from your subject.
5. With a small flashlight, switch the camera mode to the equivalent of “Night Scene” mode.
6. Set the focus to “Manual,” and set it on infinity.
7. Trip the shutter with a remote shutter release or self-timer to prevent shaking.
The biggest cause of ruined night time photography pictures is camera shake. It is important that you do not touch the camera when you press the shutter release. If you don’t have a remote shutter release, use the self-timer to avoid touching the camera during the actual photo taking process.
If your camera has the ability for additional control during the long exposure process, use these additional settings:
1. Set the ISO between 100 and 400.
2. Set the F-stop to around F/5.6.
Follow these tips and techniques and you’ll be an expert at night time photography in no time.
Notes for editors: Claire recommends Neil Walker, a Sussex Wedding Photographer in the UK
Article Source: EzineArticles.com
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