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Basic DSLR Photography Tutorials – Long Exposure Tutorial

Dan Eitreim
51,507

April 3, 2015

I’ve seen the question asked time and time again so I thought I would help every new digital photographer, and today i’m going to help you by explaining how the different camera modes on your DSLR camera work and how you should use them.

If you look at the top of your camera right now on the dial switch you should see a few different options. These options are represented by letters and symbols. In this article I am going to tell you what most of these common symbols and letters mean and when you should use them.

Automatic ([])

The first mode that most people will use when they purchase a DSLR camera is the automatic mode and this is usually represented by a green box or “[]” symbol. When shooting in automatic mode everything is done for you by the camera, this isn’t what you want and I highly recommend getting out of using this shooting mode right away. Quite often when using the automatic shooting mode the pop up flash will fire off, this makes your photos look terrible and you should avoid using it at all costs.

Program Mode (P)

Another mode like automatic is program; however this mode is a little better. Program mode is represented with a “p” and just like automatic the camera will make all the settings for you; however program mode then allows you to adjust these settings so you can get the image effect you were looking for. An advantage of using program mode is that the pop up flash wont fire unless you tell it to. Some photographers recommend leaving your camera on automatic mode when it’s not in use, they recommend doing this because if you ever need to take a photo in hurry then you can turn your camera on and fire a shot off right away.

Aperture Priority (AV, A)

Aperture priority allows you to change the aperture of your camera while the camera adjusts the shutter speed so that you can get the perfect exposure. Aperture priority is useful in situations when you need to set the aperture value to give you a low or high depth of field.

Shutter Priority (TV)

Shutter priority is the opposite of aperture priority in the sense that this time you want to set the shutter speed. This mode is useful when you want to tell the camera that you want to capture an image above a certain shutter speed. The camera will then work out the correct aperture to use to create the desired exposure.

Manual (M)

Manual is the mode you will eventually want to be shooting in. Manual mode allows you to set everything from ISO speed, Shutter Speed, Aperture, White Balance and metering modes. Being able to set the camera to the way you want to take photos will allow you to get more consistent shots.

There are some other modes on your camera such as portrait, sports, night and macro but these modes are just added features and I wouldn’t recommend using them to shoot in. If you use shutter priority, aperture or full manual then you will understand how to use your camera in a way that suits you. Using your camera in a way that doesn’t allow you to make any changes isn’t the direction you want to be heading in, therefore please don’t use automatic as it’s a complete waste of your time.
For more free Digital Photography Advice [www.cameracity.info] why not visit my DSLR Tips and tricks [www.cameracity.info] website that is dedicated to bringing you the latest tutorials, tips and reviews on digital photography.

Article Source: EzineArticles.com

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